15th SUNDAY AFTER PENTECOST15-та НЕДЕЛА ПО ПЕДЕСЕТНИЦА


GOSPEL READING: Matthew 22:35-46

35 Then one of them, a lawyer, asked Him a question, testing Him, and saying, 36 “Teacher, which is the great commandment in the law?”

37 Jesus said to him, “‘You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind.’ 38 This is the first and great commandment. 39 And the second is like it: ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ 40 On these two commandments hang all the Law and the Prophets.”

41 While the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them, 42 saying, “What do you think about the Christ? Whose Son is He?”

They said to Him, “The Son of David.”

43 He said to them, “How then does David in the Spirit call Him ‘Lord,’ saying:

44 ‘The Lord said to my Lord, “Sit at My right hand, Till I make Your enemies Your footstool” ’?

45 If David then calls Him ‘Lord,’ how is He his Son?” 46 And no one was able to answer Him a word, nor from that day on did anyone dare question Him anymore.

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ЕВАНГЕЛСКО ЧЕТИВО: Матеј 22, 35-46

35. И еден од нив, законик, искушувајќи Го, запраша и рече: 36. Учителе, која заповед е најголема во Законот? 37. А Исус му одговори: „Возљуби Го Господа, својот Бог, со сето свое срце, и со сета своја душа, и со сиот свој разум; 38. тоа е прва и најголема заповед; 39. а втората е слична на неа: Возљуби го својот ближен како себеси! 40. На тие две заповеди се крепат целиот Закон и Пророците.” 41. И кога се собраа фарисеите, Исус ги праша и рече: 42. Што мислите за Христа? Чиј е син? Му одговорија: Давидов. 43. Им рече: „Како тогаш Давид, надахнат од Духот, Го нарече Господ, велејќи: 44. »Му рече Господ на Мојот Господ: Седи од Мојата десна страна, додека не ги положам непријателите Твои во подножјето на нозете Твои.« 45. И така, ако Давид Го нарече Господ, како тогаш да Му е Он син?” 46. И никој не можеше да му одговори ниту збор, и од тој ден никој веќе не се осмели да Го праша.

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Thoughts by St. Theophan the Recluse on the 15th Sunday after Pentecost

The Lord offered the commandment about love for God and one’s neighbor, and immediately supplemented it with the teaching about His Sonship to God and His Divinity. Why was this? Because true love for God and people is possible no way other than by the influence of faith in the Divinity of Christ the Saviour, that He is the incarnate Son of God. Such faith arouses love for God, for how can one not love God, who has loved us so much, Who did not even spare His Only-Begotten Son, but gave Him up for us? Faith brings this love to complete fulfilment, or to what it seeks; while love seeks a living union. To attain this union, one must overcome a feeling of God’s righteousness which punishes sin; without this it is terrifying to approach God. This feeling is overcome through the conviction that God’s righteousness is satisfied by the death on the cross of the Son of God. Such a conviction comes from faith; consequently, faith opens the path of love toward God. This is the first thing. Second: faith in the Divinity of the Son of God Who was incarnate, suffered, and was buried for our sake, gives an example of love for one’s neighbor; for love is when one lays down his soul for his beloved. Faith also gives strength for the manifestation of such love. To have such love, one must become a new person instead of an egotistical person—one must become a self-sacrificing person. Only in Christ does a person become a new creature; but we can only be in Christ if we unite with Christ by faith and grace-filled rebirth through the holy mysteries accepted with faith. From here it follows that any expectation by people without faith to maintain even good moral conduct is in vain. Everything is together; it is impossible to divide a man. One must satisfy all of him.